• Allergies,  Book Reviews,  Podcasts

    Suffering from Allergies?

    Ann and I were fortunate to interview Tom Ogren.

    Tom is the author of a fascinating ,very informative book about Allergies in the garden.

    This is a must read for avid gardeners everywhere. Especially if you are one of the many suffering from allergies.

    Allergy-Fighting Garden, cover

    You can hear our interview with Tom below or at www.growingtrends.org or on iTunes at Growing Trends

    We would love to hear your thoughts and comments, please spend a moment sending us your thoughts and suggestions.

    Ann & Chris

      Visits: 281

    • Home & Garden,  Landscape Design & Build,  Landscape features

      Creating mystery & intrigue with Timber Walls, Fences & Trelliage

      Last time we talked about paths.

      Today I thought it might be advantageous to discuss ‘Timber Walls & Fences’.

      We will include Trelliage as they all have a role to play.

      Helping to create a certain kind of mystery within a garden landscape.

      We’ve discussed hedges recently, so you can scroll down to that article if you would like.

      These ‘vertical materials’ are acting as a visual or physical  barrier between differing areas.

      This leads the eye on to a new discovery or perhaps just creating an interesting space.

      At some time fairly soon we should add ‘Green Walls’ which are gaining in interest and can look absolutely superb.

      I wonder how long it is before we develop these to grow vertical edibles ?

      Having designed and built a huge number of gardens over the years. We have gained valuable experience in what works best in a given situation.

      Using Timber.

      The garden below, was primarily designed to reduce aftercare. Taking care to keep the beautifully rustic boundary fencing, which blends in to both the surroundings and the new work so well.

      It was necessary, to repair the odd arris rail, a couple of fence posts and some slats, re-hang the side gate etc. Overall by keeping the original fence the rustic feel was, I think, you will agree maintained.

       

      Low hit and miss side fence with 6ft feather edged boundary fence & framed gate
      Low hit and miss side fence with 6ft feather edged boundary fence & framed gate

      Start with what is already there.

      It’s nearly always best to work with what is already there, rather than ripping out everything. My first task is always to look up and see how the tree canopy is. Then beyond the space we are working with.

      To see what impact, we may be making without perhaps realizing how a neighbor might view our endeavors.

      Very low maintenance, Mediterranean style
      Very low maintenance, Mediterranean style

      In small gardens complete barriers tend to make the garden smaller.  It is best to create more of an illusion of a barrier. This is often best created by using trellis. Here is an example that we stained black.

      A word of warning, trying to make a gate from trellis is fraught with problems if you do not add a full frame that is braced. When you add this, it tends to upset the look of the trellis, so think carefully before using as a gate. As without the frame the gate will change shape over time!

      Trelliage

      The trellis here was primarily to separate the more formal ‘Front Garden’ with the more relaxed ‘Play Garden’ at the rear and side of the property.

      Trellis

       

      To improve the strength of this gate we added metal framing at each corner, both inside and outside, it was only partially successful.

      A black stained trellis gate
      A black stained trellis gate

      If a more substantial barrier is required, say in the form of a structural wall to hold back a bank then there are a number of ways to achieve this.

      Low Timber Retaining wall.

      Here we used vertically set timber as a retaining wall. We did place a waterproof membrane behind the timber and a gravel pressure release drain. So as not to have unsightly stains running across the light colored paving.

      Low timber retaining wall
      Low timber retaining wall

      A quite pleasing effect can be achieved.

      The softer low timber wall looks at home here.
      The softer low timber wall looks at home here.

      Roof Gardens

      Roof gardens benefit from the light weight of timber. Its ability to be ‘modulised’, as can be seen here.

      Low timber walls on roof garden
      Low timber walls on roof garden

      Structural Timber Walls

      Some years ago, now, we discovered. Well perhaps I should say a local native of our area wanted someone to test a new product he had found lurking in New Zealand. So, as we had won a number of awards for our work, and our teams were well known, he persuaded us to try this product.

      Structural Timber Walls
      Structural Timber Walls

      It was fantastic. Ok I should add some provisos, it is treated wood, it lasts a very long time, I have pieces from 30 years ago that are still unblemished. Maybe bleached a little but otherwise fine. It will twist if not constructed correctly, although it is unzippable and thus fairly straightforward to repair. If you introduce plants into the wall, it looks amazing. Infact the plants protect the timber.

      Here’s a much taller one we completed.

      It is essential to use a structural engineer to carry out the necessary survey, and calculate the design criteria for these ‘Gravity Walls.’

      IMG_0591

       

      Once established they can look like this..

      Planting covering a timber wall
      Planting covering a timber wall
      The timber wall blends in so well
      The timber wall blends in so well

      Some years back we were even asked to build a play area within a timber stockade. The posts were about 16 ft long and required some ingenuity to place correctly.

      Treated timber barrier in play area
      Treated timber barrier in play area

      Here’s how we did it..

      Using a 4in1 bucket on a bobcat
      Using a 4in1 bucket on a bobcat

      Moving to more decorative uses, let’s explore trelliage and low walls..

      Wishing well feature with trellis back drop
      Wishing well feature with trellis back drop

      We sometimes add some whimsy to our designs. Here we used a rather deep drainage shaft, disguising it as a wishing well. To make it stand out we added a trellis surround to enable us to plant climbers to enhance the visual impact. Here its just been completed.

      Pergola with Wishing Well at end of path
      Pergola with Wishing Well at end of path

      Ornamental Trelliage

      Here we used a cloud trellis to add some movement to the landscape. To help hide the boring stepped trellis in the neighboring garden.

      Cloud trellis adds movement
      Cloud trellis adds movement

      Here the trellis has been painted white next to the house it gives a very clean look.

      Painting trellis white adds interest
      Painting trellis white adds interest

      Here we had a custom-made heavy-duty trellis, note the pencil edges soften the whole fence.

      Superb detail for trellis
      Superb detail for trellis
      The completed trellis barrier
      The completed trellis barrier

      Ann & I will spend a little time on the radio show talking about materials. When we interview our next guests who will be Designers.

      In the meantime, do come and listen at  Growing Trends

      We would love to hear from you with ideas, comments, suggestions and requests…

      Ann & Chris

        Visits: 323

      • Amusing events over the years,  Award winning landscape Design & Build,  Landscape Design & Build

        Some unusual moments – while designing & constructing landscape projects

        Unusual moments from the past 50 years.

        I’ve been really fortunate during much of my working years.

        Meeting famous people,

        Visiting simply amazing homes.

        Helping Buy & Sell some truly amazing homes  

        Designing & building some fabulous landscape projects all over the world.

         

        A big thank you.

        First though, a really big thank you.

        To all my incredible staff during all this time. I could not have done any of it without their help and encouragement.

        I was indeed fortunate to employ some highly skilled, extremely talented, great folks.

        During these, many years.

        The team was rewarded with a huge number of awards for our work. – 17 National Awards, and 3 Chelsea Flower Show Awards.

         

        Here are a few of the prestigious ones that came with extremely unusual moments:

        Now in no particular order, more, just how I recollected them are some of those events.

        The Tower of London

        Here a straightforward design and install for an irrigation system, we were the first Toro residential dealer in London.  

        The irrigation systems were for the Moat & the Queen’s terrace. (that’s just outside where you queue to go in to see the Crown Jewels). 

        We were not allowed to cut into any of the building’s fabric, or into the stonework. In addition, we had to find a place to hide an 800-gallon water tank with a pump along with all the switching gear. This had to be accessible for future maintenance.

        Once the design was completed. There followed the setting out of the irrigation lines.

        These were completed and trenching begun.

        A Collection of Bones

        We had just started to trench the main lines when suddenly we exposed a collection of bones – human bones.

        When this happens it’s extremely wise to contact a few people you might not otherwise know.

        In no particular order, they were the facility manager (they have a wonderful name at the Tower for this person – The Keeper of the Keys), the coroner is next, and then the local constabulary.

        Although it was very doubtful that this was indeed nefarious unless the bones were very old!

        They turned out to be the remains of a priest. Who had been a chaplain and was buried there in the mid 20th century.

        Then everyone sort of forgot where he had been laid to rest.

        As the area was close to the infamous ‘Block’ we had to wait until everyone had left.

        We rather gingerly, and carefully gathered what remains we could together.

        There followed a quiet re-consecration service.

         

        Image

        A New Power Station by the River Thames.

        A tad more mundane. Having just completed a large ‘cut & fill’ project, covering many acres.

        The area was the setting out ground for the entire power station project.

        All the metalwork for the project was stored on this area during construction for the new power station.

        Just as we prepared one area, about 30 acres for seeding.

        A military land rover pulled up, out jumped an officer and team from the bomb squad. I kid you not !

        They had been alerted by an old lady across the way (about 1/4mile).

        She had just recalled (after almost 35 years), that a flight of German bombers, had dropped their loads of bombs.

        Just where we were working during the War.

        Some of which had failed to explode…!Image

        So the ‘sappers’, were obliged to dig around for a few days, messing up our seedbed as you can see. T

        hey failed to find anything and left.

        Some ten years later, whilst preparing for the new Queen Elizabeth Dartford bridge, 15 or so unexploded bombs were indeed found in the hedgerow not 70ft from where the bomb squad had poked around and we had adjusted the levels by 3ft !!!

        Only in the USA… well maybe not!

        I was called over to the USA to visit a huge private estate.

        Moving truly huge trees 

        It was to see if we would like to be involved in a project involving large rocks and trees.

        A very wealthy gentleman was in a hurry to complete a fully mature landscape – he’d been working on the project for about 10 years, so it probably wasn’t that much of a hurry.

        When I arrived he was indeed pushing the landscape construction boundaries.

        Image

        This tree was about 600 tons in weight. Perched at least 15ft in the air. The “hardwood stacked columns” were due to stay in place.

        Then then the ground would be backfilled with soil. Irrigation would extend into the tree to a height of 40ft for a number of years, to assist with establishment.

        As we approached, the site manager, who I was traveling with, was asked by the foreman.

        If the position of this tree was ‘OK’. He was asked how far off the angle was – you can see the tilting in the hessian covering the rootball.

        The reply –  “about 6 inches”  The site manager then said, “no it had to be closer.”

        This one comment made me think that this project was due to be ongoing for a long time, one to avoid.

        Here’s a picture of an even bigger tree moving down the road on the same site……

        It took about 2 years to prepare each tree for lifting. We actually drove underneath this monster in a Ford F250.

        Image

        I know what fun……..

         

        Lambeth, South London

        Back in the days when unrest descended on London. (A polite euphemism for Riots in about 1980).

        We had an unusual project in Lambeth. – An area that had been called ‘The Peoples Democratic Republic of Lambeth – by it’s then ultra left-leaning leader ‘Red Ted’ Knight)

        It was to be a children’s play area with a huge wooden stockade,(long gone I suspect).

        As you can see from the picture the logs were huge some 16ft tall and at least 10-inch diameter.

        All pressure treated so they would last a long time.

        A small scuffle

        They had just been delivered to the site when there was a particularly vigorous riot.

        Cars were turned over and set alight, windows smashed, the police station attacked, that sort of thing.

        I was comfortably at home watching it all on television when my insurance broker called me in a panic at 7 am to ask how things were. 

        Then he told me he forgot to put my logs (those 16ft monsters) on ‘All risk” as I had requested the day before. 

        It’s funny how you get to hear about these sort of events if you engage the locals.

        Later that day I did go and visit the site.

        All was perfectly fine, apart from 4 or five burned-out cars in the surrounding streets.

        There was the little matter of 15 rapid deployment police vehicles with full riot shields carrying about 10 fully protected policemen surrounding my site.

        Speaking to a local he explained that “they would never harm something intended for their children !!”

        It could have been a right proper panic as we say!

         

        Image

        The Project

        The hardest part of the project was to figure out how to pick up and place these huge poles.

        We had to keep the tops level. A bobcat with a then newly added 4 in 1 bucket worked out just fine.

        Mind you, tracking over the soft ground in wet conditions makes a terrible mess.

        Destroys the soil structure, slows the progress down and makes a site look pretty dirty – best to try and avoid if possible.

        Log wall

        A project requiring some real ingenuity.

        Another prestigious project – A large roof garden on top of the Museum of London.

        It was tracing the history of London’s plants and gardens from the middle ages to the present day.

        As is always the case working in odd places there are a few obstacles to overcome.

        Restricted access

        In this instance it was access… the access was a smoke vent set halfway up a wall in an underground car park.

        The tunnel extended some 27ft, before the main vent went to the garden area.

        Our challenge to move over 400 tons of materials through and up to the roof without damaging all the cars around.

        Image

        Here’s a picture of the roof before… over the years it had become overgrown and very untidy.

        We have cleared all the old planting, set out the new layout.

        Then we laid the paving, lined the planting beds with a hardwood framing.

        In this picture, the soil ameliorate is being added to the flower beds.

        Our access is from the scaffold bridge we built from the basement fire access.

        Image

        I’m the guy with the bald head in the suit in the middle of the folks on the left.

        Yup had to wear a suit in the City of London. I drew the line at bowler hats!

        The Completed London’s Pride Exhibition

        Below is the finished result.

        Which was open to the public for 6 months. My company supplying the staff that took folks around the exhibit.

        This project covered close to 27,000 sq ft.

        ( well ok the ladders were removed and the gate swung back into place..)

        Image

        It was projects like these that honed our problem-solving skills.

        Do drop us a line if you would like to ask a question or have a request.. or take a more in depth look at my adventures in landscaping over the years

         

           

           

          Visits: 429

        • Drives,  Landscapes & Gardens,  Landscaping Ideas

          Dri-lay Drives

          Dry – Lay Drives

          Dri-lay Drives

          We developed ‘Designer Drives’ almost 30 years ago..

          How it all started..

          My partners and I had worked for a London Parks Department. On some of the projects we were working on, we needed to use a strong paving material. At the time Marshalls( one of our suppliers) were testing a product called ‘Monolok’. It had been developed in Europe for use at bus stops. To prevent the heavy buses sinking into the tarmac, on hot days. These ‘monolok’ blocks were of differing sizes and worse ‘z’ shaped. This made them a nightmare to design with.

          They were though, a really clever idea. They interlocked together, without using mortar, this effectively meant they stayed in position, didn’t crack or sink, but could be ‘unzipped’ and then relayed – if say a pipe needed working on below.

          One day our sales contact rushed in with some new ‘brick-shaped’ grey blocks. He told us red would also be available soon. Did we want to try them? We immediately saw an opportunity. Using traditional bricks with a mortar bed required a heavy-duty brick version, worse it took days to point … see below.

          Natural brisk drive hand pointed

          This particular in and out brick driveway took 10 man-days just to point the bricks. Whereas the drive below took 4 hours to ‘sand in’ with kiln-dried silica sand.

           Dri-lay drive with curved side wall

          Saving so much time, significantly increasing our profits on each project. We were soon demanding new, more interesting colours.. here’s one using a brindle colour mix..

          New methods.

          Brindle colour drive

          It didn’t take us long to refine our own techniques. Adding our own recessed manhole covers. Canting the edges so homeowners knew where they were as they drove around their driveway. – The slightly raised edge looked great visually as well. Setting us apart from our competition.

           

          Raised edge

          Here a well constructed and cut in recessed cover… this time using a softer stock brick.

          Recessed manhole cover

          When well done it’s very hard to see the recessed cover, as in this picture.. there are two in the lower picture!

           

          Two recessed manhole covers

          New layout pattern

          We soon added a ‘fish- scale’ pattern using granite setts. Then a phorphery sett to our ‘Designer’ collection..

          Here’s some granite…much more expensive but they look superb !

           

          Granite

          When using ‘natural’ products. Such as the granite and real bricks it is important to remember that they are often differing sizes. This means that it is very easy to lose the design module. If you have too big an area its important to have adequate changes in direction.

          The stock bricks below work for about a length of 1.8m ( 6ft). Then you need to add a break line or the pattern will start to wander off.

          Laying natural dri-lay bricks

          Below is a combination of natural granite setts and softer stock bricks – my favorite by far!

          Would you like to read more Landscape projects ?     – More Award winning projects   

          We would love to hear your thoughts and comments

            Visits: 842

          • Award winning landscape Design & Build,  Landscaping Ideas,  Roof Gardens

            Green Roof

            Green Roofs

            Green Roof

            We soon discovered that the modular layout of the green walls worked superbly for Green roofs.

            So in 1994 we designed and built this award winning Green Roof in central London.

            Wooden pathway on Roof Garden

              Visits: 327

            • Landscapes & Gardens,  Nature,  Path

              A winding garden path

              A Winding Garden Path

              A winding garden pathPergola and Well features

              We added these lovely features to an executive’s garden that was designed and built a number of years ago.

              They were part of a ‘Wish List’ we established with the client as we developed the masterplan.

              Planning really is the secret to a successful outcome for your project too. So here are a few pointers to help you.

              The Wish List.

              The secret to a beautiful landscape project is the wish list – here is a typical one we have developed over the years.

              Brief description of what you are looking for :
              ………………………………………………………………………
              ………………………………………………………………………
              ……………………………………………………………………….
              ………………………………………………………………………
              ………………………………………………………..

              How you use your garden :

              Do you have animals ? : Yes / No.

              Do children play in the garden ? : Yes / No.

              Do you like gardening ? : Yes / No.

              Do you like cutting grass ? : Yes / No

              Do you entertain in the garden ? : Yes / No.

              Do you like relaxing in the garden ?Yes/ No.

              What sort of Budget you would like us to Design
              to : ……………………………………………………
              (It helps enormously if we can have a figure to
              work to, we should be able to produce a Design
              within 10 percent )

              Some items to consider :
              Lawns. Yes / No

              Shrubberies Yes / No.

              Rockeries Yes / No

              Ponds Yes / No.

              Streams Yes / No

              Fish / Koi Ponds Yes / No.

              Paths Yes / No

              Patios Yes / No.

              Terraces Yes / No.

              Walls Yes / No.

              Ground contouring Yes / No

              Vegetable gardens Yes / No.

              Garden Features :

              Garden Shed : Yes / No.

              Power & Lighting Yes / No.

              Irrigation Yes / No.

              Summerhouses Yes / No.

              Greenhouses Yes / No

              Gazebo’s Yes / No.

              Pergolas Yes / No

              Seating Yes / No.

              Please add any other comments on the back of this sheet, the more we know the better the design.

              I would recommend that this is something the homeowners complete themselves without a salesmen/designer being present. You would be amazed at how many couples have different ideas!

              Remember to keep a little of the budget back as these things always cost more than you expect.

              Once you have a wish list, start to gather examples of the features you like from magazines. Taking pictures etc. Pretty soon you will have a good idea of what you would ideally like.

              Now it’s time to have that chat with the Designer or put pen to paper yourselves..

                Visits: 322

              • Hedge,  Landscape Design & Build,  Landscaping

                Privacy Planting a Garden Hedge

                Garden Hedges,

                Hedges are often used to create a boundary between sections of gardens. They can help lead you around a garden. Although often their primary role is to act as a privacy barrier. A hedge can be a very useful garden tool.

                Personally, we’ve even used ones for security. BY choosing a suitably thorny subject, it can make it impossible for someone or something to get through the branches.

                The picture below, shows a hedge being used as an entrance into a garden, creating some privacy and yet leading the eye to the main terrace doors.

                Image

                A hedge can be grown using almost any plant material that will withstand constant clipping. The list of suitable plants is quite large. At the smaller end you have the traditional box hedging often used in kitchen gardens, or to surround ornamental flower beds, as seen below.

                Image

                Types of Plants to use.

                To create a less formal barrier, you could use forsythia – but remember that forsythia flowers on last year’s wood. So pruning and shaping should be restricted to just after flowering if possible. Hornbeam, Beech, Rose, Escallonia, Cotoneaster, Laurel, Yew, Leylandii, Thuja all make a nice hedge.Image

                Of course the height you desire the hedge, makes a difference in choice of plants to use as well.

                Image

                Heights of hedges.

                The height is also dictated by how often and by what method is used to keep the hedge clipped. As can be seen below, this hedge would take many hours of work to keep it in this condition.

                Image

                Trimming a hedge can be a simple job, with a handheld trimmer or a more serious project with lots big of equipment.

                 

                Clearing away the cuttings

                  Visits: 348

                • Downloadable Help Sheets,  Landscaping,  Real Estate

                  Outside Home Check List

                  Outside Home Check List

                  After starting my Real Estate career in England in 1971.

                  I left for 25 years to development a multi award winning External Works Design & Build Company in London.

                  Residential Properties

                  Part of this was spent designing & building high end landscapes on residential properties in Southern England.

                  We developed an initial review list of what to look for when considering the potential for properties, along with expected on going aftercare.

                  Our construction teams focused on detailed hard & soft landscaping.

                  Developing new ‘Designer Drives’ using a  ‘drylay’ system with block, brick and granite materials as early as 1982.

                  Natural brick & granite
                  Natural Engineering Brick Dive, in herring bone pattern
                  Recessed manhole access covers cut into drylay brick paving

                  Can you see the second manhole cover  ?

                  Canted block edge that leads the eye around the design.
                  Practically to let a driver know they were nearly off the driveway.

                  Some larger homes benefitted from a less expensive softer appearance as below when we used a bonded ( with fibreglass resin) gravel drive with brick gulley detail.

                  Triple brick drainage channel set around a bonded gravel drive
                  Bonded gravel with brick gulley edge
                  Bonded gravel with brick edge

                   

                  Whilst the list is by no means complete, I am planning on creating a section within this website to show the various techniques and ideas for homeowners.

                  Porphery setts laid in a radius
                  Granite paving to create a Mediterranean Style dry landscape

                  I haven’t made any suggestion as to cost simply because each site is different.

                  There are many factors impacting costs, not least access, planning and zoning, time of year, scope of works, current material & labor costs.

                  I do hope though that this provides help in your overall assessment of the property you are reviewing.

                  I will add sections each week with picture examples.

                   

                   

                   

                  Just send me an email or complete the form below with the Subject : “ Outside Forms”  adding what you are thinking about doing, I will be happy to make suggestions. 

                   

                     

                    Visits: 277

                  • Landscape features,  Landscapes & Gardens,  Landscaping Ideas

                    A natural stone patio and entertaining area

                    Patios & Terraces

                    A natural stone patio and entertaining area

                    A Brick and Stone Terrace

                    A lovely natural stone and brick patio, surrounding a conservatory.

                    Today, I thought it would be fun to show you a series of before, during and after pictures of a patio/terrace construction.

                    Mick and Steve who constructed this lovely terrace. Are extremely skilled craftsmen.

                    If you look carefully at the stone cutting you will see how ‘evenly spaced’ all the joints are .

                    Base Foundation.

                    It all starts with good preparation on a stable foundation. In this case around 100mm ( 4 inch) of graded limestone base well consolidated. 

                    If the ground is moist or subject to shrinkage it’s a good idea to add a geo – fabric beneath the limestone.

                    Surface.

                    You should make sure the finished height of the paving, is at least 150mm ( 6 inches) below the damp proof course set in the house brick walls.

                    It is also a very good idea to create a fall away from the house to your drains, ( at least a 1 in 80 fall is required).

                    Also, consider the need for allowing moisture around the house.

                    If you are on heavy clay, it is a good practice to allow the clay sub surface to remain a little damp during the summer to prevent the ground ‘heaving’.

                    First the walls and steps are constructed
                    First the walls and steps are constructed.
                    Note how clean the working area is
                    Note how clean the working area is.
                    Here Mick is carefully, pointing the natural stone, using a semi dry mixture of soft sand/sharp sand/ cement, in dry conditions to firmly point between the paving joints.
                    Here Mick is carefully, pointing the natural stone, using a semi dry mixture of soft sand/sharp sand/ cement. Make sure the conditions are dry. Then firmly point between the paving joints.
                    Raised brick seating area
                    Raised brick seating area
                    The completed terrace, with low walls to enable larger groupings , for entertaining. The gently curved wall naturally leads the eye around the establishing garden
                    The completed terrace, with low walls to enable larger groupings , for entertaining. The gently curved wall naturally leads the eye around the establishing garden

                     

                      Visits: 150

                    • A little light reading,  Landscape Design & Build

                      How it all began……..

                      If only we could all enjoy everyday scenes like this !

                      Beautiful landscapes take time, professionalism & commitment, from the owner, the designer, the builder and the maintainer.

                      Unlike almost any other purchase a homeowner can make, an external project involves nature, nature has a habit of seeking attention often !

                      So let’s take a moment to walk into my life as they say.

                      There is a well known expression ” The customer is always right” – this is very true. It is essential to build the customers trust, and not lose it, for once gone events have a habit of sending everything as we say ‘Pear shaped’ …. today, let’s stay positive and explore some experiences….

                      I only know ‘My’ experience, which to be fair has been fairly extensive, as well as fun, over all very enjoyable, with the odd heart stopping moment, which we will discuss later.

                      My school days, yes ,I was privileged, were at Bearwood College, it’s a school in a beautifully laid out estate. Designed by The Rev Gilpin back in the early 1800’s for John Walters the founder of ‘The Times’,  – some 500 acres,  at school we were expected to do Estate work on the huge grounds once a week to help maintain the  appearance of the school around the mansion house.

                      So as a youngster for 2 hours every week we played at aftercare of a huge Estate – I’ve just interviewed a colleague who did this for real as a Head Gardener of a 12000 acre estate, with among other things a 44 acre formal garden, this after years of designing spectacular award winning gardens, it’s a fascinating interview, as the estate is probably the busiest in the world with many events attracting over 100,000 visitors at a time, there is a motor racing and horse racing circuit within the grounds ! – you can hear Alan shortly on Growing Trends Podcast

                       

                      Bearwood College

                      During my vacations to earn additional pocket money for school – the Tuck Shop was stocked with all things fattening, that us kiddies always preferred to real food ! No just kidding.

                      I worked with a friend in his dad’s business of Forestry – we planted new woodlands in the winter break, did more planting in the spring break, then weeded the newly planted woodlands with a long handled hook in the summer break – it was heavy work but very rewarding, the ploughman’s lunch with a pint of shandy at lunchtime sitting out in a pub garden in the summer was glorious, however toasting your homemade sandwiches over a small twig fire in the depths of winter, cold, soaking wet, drinking peppered hot bovril wasn’t quite the same, especially as your toes were on the verge of frostbite !

                       Even the summer days had their own special moments…

                      “That is  until you came across a wasp’s nest buried in the ground in your row as you cut down the foxgloves, brambles, and other assorted weeds  a swarm of angry wasp’s chased you along your row, which I might add was almost always a vertical hillside !  The really scary one was,  when a pheasant launched itself at you as you almost chopped its head off ! It used to take me a few minutes to calm down from that – you never ever hit the bird, or really saw it, but you sure heard it, and it was a huge blur as it flew past you.!”

                      After leaving school, working for a year at an Estate Agent’s introducing clients to property investments, helping sell houses and commercial properties all around the Thames valley.

                      I heard about a new landscape course at Merrist Wood College, was accepted, and spent three years really enjoying myself earning a College Degree in the process !

                      The main house

                      The course was so good, everyone of us was head hunted way before the course finished, well, now that I come to remember Bill, he had the new MGB sportscar, decided to buy a yacht and sailed off into the yonder, never to be heard of again !

                      Subsequently I discovered how much fun it is to have a yacht and go sailing !

                      I spend a further three or four years in a London Borough’s parks department learning some serious construction techniques – they called us Landscape technicians. There were six of us, in the group, when four of us left and the fifth joined the ranks of the clergy, one of the original six is still there so Ian must have 43 years of service ! It took almost 12 full time jobs to replace us !

                      We learned a huge amount, it was a great place to learn, with lots of variety, seriously engineered construction techniques, a dedicated to us work study team, so we knew how long items took to build.

                      Car Park

                      Overall though it lacked the ability to really expand ones horizons, beyond parks, open spaces & schools, so after three years it was time to move on.

                      Gravity Wall

                      Private practice was a completely different place, armed with the knowledge of how to build to an exacting commercial standard – something that held us in very good stead as we built our company, we did something probably unique at that time, we deliberately concentrated on Design and Build we won one award after another, ( currently 17).

                      We achieved this mainly because we created a standard working method, for our staff, we used standard details that we documented,. Most importantly we loved to experiment with new ideas.

                      New Ideas...?

                      No we didn’t do this ! This is a planning ‘item’ in Oxford, but I bet you took a couple of looks at it !

                      One of the first A-ha !!! moments was Dri-lay drives, it happened because a client asked for a brick drive with a dark mortar joint.

                      We duly designed and installed the drive – which took  two men 10 days just to point by hand !. This seemed a waste of potential profit , so recalling our local authority days the next one we tried was with the dri-lay method we had used in parks, the very first project saved us over 50% of the normal time to complete !

                      Natural brick with mortar joints

                      One of the design features we added, was a ‘canted’ brick edge, when ever possible this served two purposes, it was visually very attractive, catching the eye, creating a visual movement.

                      More importantly for the housewife, it was a superb aide memoir when driving onto as if you got too close to the edge the powered steering ‘tweaked’ enough to prevent you from driving into the landscape – this produced lots of customers from recommendations..

                      Below you see the first ‘dri-lay’ natural brick drive, we used a harder brick at first as the clay bricks tended to snap if you applied too heavy a vibration – after a while we figured using a rubberised mat would alleviate this issue.

                      The bonus to us, the first drive took 2 weeks to complete, this one was finished inside 4 days !

                      Dri-lay natural brick drive

                      I well remember driving  to a large concrete manufacturer of paving and blocks in 1984 and asking for help with our advertising budget – in those days the firms would pay a percentage of your advertising if you mentioned them. Anyway we went up to Derby from London !  gave a presentation on ‘Designer Drives” , it blew them away and we were politely told that the market didn’t exist. – a year later we had 5 crews constantly working building Dry lay drives, so many firms were starting to see the market potential. that we moved up to bricks.

                      Brindled block paving

                      By then we offered Block Drives, Brick Drives and for the really discerning Granite Sett drives – I have to say a granite sett drive looks quite exceptional

                      We also learned a valuable lesson, as we didn’t want to just build drives, we broadened what we offered clients, adding canted brick edges, specially designed recessed manhole covers, multi coloured drives- which then became ‘brindled.’ As the manufacturers caught on.

                      Canted block edge

                      Pictures of our drives appeared on advertising brochures from those very companies.

                      Our next Aha !!! moment was the recessed manhole cover, which we made ourselves at first..

                      Recessed covers

                      See if you can see the second one in this picture above! This project was one of the first where we used a specially made stock brick the yellow is the kiln dried sand we used to brush between the interstices.

                      Inserting recessed cover bricks

                      and the final result ..

                      Finished terrace

                      We designed & built lots and lots of drives…100’s of 1000’s of square meters in area.

                      45 degree herringbone

                      We learned some valuable time saving lessons, the best looking was always bricks laid 45 degrees from the road direction, they took longer and required much more cutting, so warranted a slightly higher charge, but they almost always looked better.

                      Natural bricks are not a standard size, so after about 6 ft (1.8m ) of one direction the joints tend to start running out of line so be careful how you set out. Oddly 45 degree herringbone actually helps to hide this visual effect.

                      Dri-lay brick driveway & entrance gates

                       I have to admit that it has, and continues to be, an awful lot of fun and enjoyment, not to mention the satisfaction that comes from achieving a well thought out and attractive scheme, or seeing a client years later saying how much they have enjoyed what was done, how well it has lasted.

                      A case of “Quality is remembered long after the price has been paid.”

                      This granite sett pathway is extremely hard wearing and yet very rustic looking.

                      I’ve always adopted a slightly different approach with private clients as I felt that most were not highly conversant with contractual law, or quantity surveying, always striving to give sound , honest advice, and maintain a high quality finish no matter what….

                      The rose arbor was connected to the house by the pathway.

                      How is it that some projects just look wonderful and others just ok ?

                      The answer is in the detail and the finish.

                      Pergola and well

                      There is also no doubt in my mind that, the more experience one has, the greater the ability to be able to produce , not only an award winning scheme, but also to ensure that the design is both workable and economically viable – of course if money is no object ? – I have personally worked on a few projects where money was not part of the equation, oddly they didn’t work out any better than a well designed and thoughtfully implemented scheme.

                      Some more A-ha !!! moments later , especially as we have grown longer in the tooth, we become smarter and now obtain patents for our “A-ha !! ” moments.

                      In the meantime do listen to our interviews at Growing Trends 

                      Drop me a line if you have a question or request.

                      Chris

                        Visits: 125

                      • Landscapes & Gardens,  Nature,  Path

                        Paths in your Garden

                        Paths have been around awhile.

                        Paths

                        Granite sett path – these setts traveled from Portugal in the 1800’s as ships ballast and were then used on London’s streets.

                        They were a very convenient group of sizes namely ;-

                        • 4 inch x 4 inch x 4 inch
                        • 4 inch x 4 inch x 6 inch
                        • 4 inch x 4 inch x 8 inch

                        These regular sizes enable a module to be used, which makes the overall finished visual much more attractive. It’s also easier to lay – below you see a radius layout using just 4 inch x 4inch x 4inch setts.

                        Seeing as we have snow today, I thought it might be an idea to talk a little about paths and paving materials. Not all paving is equal as they say, concrete for instance is often more slippery than say asphalt ( there is a standard called CBR – California Bearing Ratio, this is basically a coefficient of slipperiness. Often only used for roadways and cars.)

                        So lets take a look at some paths

                         

                        This gravel path works great, except when frost is just coming out of the surface, when it gets very sticky.
                        This gravel path works great, except when frost is just coming out of the surface, when it gets very sticky.

                        Gravel paths are both attractive, economical and if laid on a suitable base long lasting, a simple rake and roll often restores the path to its near original state. Keeping on top of surface weed growth is essential.

                        Paths should be at least 5ft wide to allow a couple to walk side by side..
                        Paths should be at least 5ft wide to allow a couple to walk side by side..although,in a garden this is often impractical.

                        This beautiful path leads all the way around the garden, making it a fabulous way to explore the differing views created.

                        This scented path uses camomile
                        This scented path uses camomile planted within the ‘p-shingle’.

                        We used old railway sleepers and camomile to create this pathway, the camomile grows and covers the widened joints. When you walk on the camomile a lovely scent rises up.

                        A more formal gravel path
                        A more formal gravel path – this is a white limestone and approximately 4ft 6 inch wide – just wide enough for two people to stroll (promenade) around together

                        Here the path is dressed in graded white limestone, this creates a much more formal garden for the client.

                         

                        The next is designed in a series of straight lines using a brick module.

                        Here a zig-zag brick path leads from one section of the garden to another
                        Here a zig-zag brick path leads from one section of the garden to another

                        Using stock bricks that compliment the house colours is a good way to ‘link’ a garden design to a house. Walking on a larger sized clean gravel, is both fun due to the noise and a safety feature as you can hear someone or something approaching.

                        Here we used a larger stone size to add that lovely crunching sound as you walk on the path
                        Here we used a larger stone size to add that lovely crunching sound as you walk on the path
                        Natural random rectangular stone
                        Natural random rectangular stone leading to a bound gravel pathway.

                        Perhaps the most expensive form of path, the steps are laid in natural random rectangular stone, which is expensive to purchase and time consuming to lay..

                        Natural stone steps
                        Natural stone steps

                        It was a hot day when they completed these steps….

                        Probably the best material for steps
                        Probably the best material for steps

                        To finish with some of my favorite materials. I’ve always tried to use natural materials on projects as the colour does not fade with time, they are often long lasting – if laid correctly. They always look soft and blend in so well with the surroundings..but natural comes with a significant cost increase..

                        Mixed brick and random rectangular yorkstone patio

                        A quick word about patios, if you are using the patio for entertaining a normal table with four chairs requires an area of approximately 10ft 6 ins ( 3m) x 10ft 6 ins (3m) to accommodate the table and chairs.

                        Laying small unit sett paving of almost random size in a radiating pattern requires skill and patience....
                        Laying small unit sett paving of almost random size in a radiating pattern requires skill and patience….

                        Do send us a comment or a request

                          Visits: 54

                        • Face Time,  Gardenesque,  Podcasts

                          Ann visits the Chelsea Physic garden

                          It’s not often you find a garden that was founded in 1673 as The Apothecaries’ Garden

                          Ann was on a trip to Europe recently and dropped in on the beautiful Chelsea Physic Garden on the side of the river Thames in London.

                          The garden’s purpose was to train apprentices in identifying plants. The gardens’ location close to the river created a warmer microclimate, significantly increasing the many non-native plants that could be grown.

                          chelsea physic garden

                          In 1700 the garden had started an international botanical garden seed exchange system, which continues to this day.

                          The gardens cover some four acres and are leased on what is known as a peppercorn rent in perpetuity.

                          They are without doubt one of London’s secret ‘gems’ and thoroughly worth a visit.

                          chelsea physic garden

                          The garden’s mission ” Linking people with plants and nature”

                          The interview starts with Ann talking for around 8 minutes to a group of school children on a field trip, the gardens have over 100 such visits a year.  Ann then talks to Michael a very knowledgeable and extremely helpful member of staff. We kept all the typical inner city sounds on the recording – the enthusiasm of the children is very heartening.

                          Integrated pest management is the preferred method of bug control…

                          They have a project called “Shelf Life’ it is just an incredible way to show children where their food comes from

                          You can also listen to Ann’s interview on iTunes at Growing Trends

                          We would love to hear your comments and suggestions for a show… just send us an email to Growing Trends

                           

                          Visits: 88